Universal British Directory 1791
Kineton, situated eighty miles from London, was, as the name imports, the king’s town, and held by our kings, if not before yet certainly by Edward the Confessor and William the Conqueror. King John kept his court in a castle here. Market on Tuesday, chiefly for black cattle; fairs, June 24 and September 21.
Itchington-Bishops, on the river Ichene, to the north-east of Kineton, is so called from the bishops of Coventry and Litchfield, once its possessors. It has a market on Wednesday.
Edgehill, near Kineton, was the field of the signal battle, in 1642, between the armies of Charles I and the parliament. It lies at the west end of the Vale of Red Horse, and gives a most extensive prospect. It is steep to the north, and has a strong large intrenchment on the top. The battle was fought on the descent of the hill, between Radway and Kineton. - The Vale of Red Horse is a fruitful pleasant tract, south of Avon, to the east of Edgehill, so called from the figure of a horse cut by the country-people on the side of a hill near Tysoe, out of red-coloured earth; the trenches that form it being cleansed and kept open by a neighbouring freeholder, who enjoys lands by that service.
Tysoe, at the skirt of Edgehill, had a market on Tuesday, and a fair at Lammas-tide for four days; but the market is discontinued.
Source: Universal British Directory 1791