online poker SuperSignupBonus

Chesterton Windmill

About the area

Chesterton Windmill

Postby Bruce Everiss » Sat 10 May 2008 8:33 am

Image

Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chesterton_Windmill

History
The windmill is one of Warwickshire's most famous landmarks, standing on a hilltop overlooking the village of Chesterton for nearly 350 years, near by the Roman Fosse Way and about five miles (8 km) south-east of Warwick. It was built in 1632-1633, probably by Sir Edward Peyto, who was Lord of the Chesterton Manor House. At this time John Stone, a pupil of Inigo Jones, was in Chesterton, designing the new Manor House, and he probably helped with the Windmill as well. Sir Edward was a mathematician and astrologer and probably his own architect to the windmill, but although claims have been made that the tower was originally built as an observatory, the estate accounts now at Warwick Record Office show that it has always been a windmill, making it the earliest tower mill in England to retain any of its working parts.


Construction
It is built of hard local limestone, with sandstone detailing. The mill tower, unique worldwide in structure and mechanics, is supported on six semicircular arches, on piers, the outer faces of which are arcs of circles radiating from a common centre. A sandstone string course surmounts the six arches and runs round the Tower, below the windows. There are four windows in the tower, two small and two much larger with stone mullioned windows. A small window set in the roof on the opposite side to the sails, has a small plaque above it with the letters "E. P. 1632".


Workings
Beside the open ground floor within the arches there are two more floors to the mill, the first, lower, or stone floor 15-foot (4.6 m) above ground level, housing millstones, great spur wheel, hurst frame, sack hoist rope passing through the floor trap, and the upper, second, or hoist floor with brake wheel, main gearing (wallover), sack hoist pulley, and parts of the winding winch. The windshaft and the main parts of the winding system including the wind direction inidicator is installed within the cap. The space inside the arches, until 1930, used to have a wooden structure to store the grain, and an open timber staircase to reach the milling floors. This structure was removed to prevent vandalism. The cap of the mill is a shallow dome which used to be covered with lead sheet, but also because of vandalism is now covered with aluminium. Between the cap and the top of the wall is a system of rollers running in a track plate allowing the cap to be rotated easily. There is a wind direction inidicator on the roof which is continued into the interior, and a small repeat indicator at its lower end, so that the miller could set the mill without leaving his work. The lattice-type-sails are 60 feet (18 m) span counter clock-wise rotation (seen from outside the mill; most of all windmills worldwide rotate clockwise seen from inside the mill - from "under the wind") and with 450 sq ft (42 m²) of canvas. The arched tower covers a very small diameter of 22 feet 9 inches (6.9 m) and it has an unusual "in cap" winding gear for an English windmill, the cap being winded by a hand operated winch having spur and worm gears.


Restoration

The mill without its sailsIt seems the mill has undergone three major reconstructions, one in 1776 when the mill shaft was modified, and the date carved in the tail of the shaft, and one in 1860 when the old curb and cap framing was altered. By 1910 it had ceased to function as a mill because the winding gear failed to operate, so that her last miller, William Haynes, was no longer able to turn the mill's cap round to make the sails face the wind. He abandoned the mill and moved to another mill nearby. It was not until 1969 that reconstruction of Chesterton Mill began again. The windmill repairs were finished in 1971, and the mill reopened for a few days to the public each year (volunteers from nearby villages help run the open days and provide stewards for the event).

In 1975 it was awarded one of the Civic Trust Heritage Awards, and the mill's status is reflected in the name of the nearby Leamington Football Club ground the New Windmill.

A stone tower similar to Chesterton Windmill exists in Newport, RI, U.S.A. The commonly accepted theory is that it was built by Benedict Arnold around 1676 after a previous wooden mill was blown down in 1675. It is not quite the same as Chesterton Windmill, having eight round pillars, but it was very similar. The Arnold family, whose place of origin is disputed but may have been either Leamington [1] or further down the Fosse Way, near Ilchester in Somerset, emigrated to Rhode Island in 1635 where Benedict became governor in 1663. This has led to speculation that the Newport Tower was based on Chesterton Windmill. However, some historians, as well as amateur researchers, dispute this theory and have claimed that it is several centuries older, thus being evidence of a pre-Columbian (Viking) settlement in New England.

The 2006 sail accident
In 2006 one of the sails fell off the windmill during an open day, injuring one visitor. Initially, following the incident, the area was roped off to prevent visitors approaching the windmill. The sails themselves were then removed for strengthening. They were finally replaced in late 2007.
User avatar
Bruce Everiss
 
Posts: 1371
Joined: Fri 2 May 2008 7:54 am

Re: Chesterton Windmill

Postby Bruce Everiss » Sat 10 May 2008 8:43 am

Image

Warwick University: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/moac/ ... _windmill/

"Erected in 1632 from a design attributed to Inigo Jones. The machinery was extensively modified in 1860 but last used in 1910.

The Warwickshire County Council are now guardians of the windmill and responsible for its upkeep.

Restoration work was commenced in 1966 and completed in 1971 under the control of Warwickshire Counting Council and the County Architect Mr. Eric Davies. Work on the building was carried out by E.H.Burgess Ltd., of Leamington Spa and the reconstruction of the machinery by Mr. Derek Ogden of Great Alne.

The design on the mill is unique both structurally and mechanically.

Originally the was a central timber structure containing a staircase and the lower bay of the hoist.

Most of the gearing is of timber, two outstanding items being the compass arm fixing of the eight feet diameter brake wheel and the lantern pinion wallower. The millstones are on the first floor set on a timber frame known as a hurst, an arrangement not often found in English windmills. The sails are of the common cloth spread type. The cap is turned into the wind by a hand operated geared winch mounted on the framework in the cap, which engages with a rack located on the top of the tower."

Warwickshire County Council: http://www.warwickshire.gov.uk/Web/corp ... enDocument

"Chesterton Windmill is a famous feature of the
Warwickshire landscape and can be seen from
several miles away. It stands on a hilltop overlooking
the Roman Fosse Way about five miles south-east of
Warwick. The mill was built in the years 1632- 1633
and remained in use until about 1910 when its
machinery ceased to work. It was restored from
1965- 1971 by Warwickshire County Council in
collaboration with the Society for the Preservation
of Ancient Buildings and the Ministry of Public
Building and Works."

History of Chesterton Windmill by Dorothy Noden http://www.whitnashwindmills.co.uk/history.html

"There are two floors to the Mill, the lower 15 foot above ground level, housing stones, great spur wheel, and sack hoist, and the upper floor with windshaft, main gearing and winding equipment. The Space inside the Arches, until 1930, used to have a wooden structure to store the grain, and an open staircase to reach the mill. This structure was removed to prevent vandalism. The cap of the mill is a shallow dome which used to be covered with lead, but because of vandalism is now covered with aluminium. There is a wind direction inidicator on the roof which is continued into the interior, and a small repeat indicator at its lower end, so that the Miller could set the Mill without leaving his work.The sails are 60 feet span counter clock-wise rotation and with 450 sq ft of canvas. The arched Tower covers a very small diameter of 22 feet 9 ins and it has an unusual winding gear for an English Windmill, the Cap being wound by a hand operated winch having spur and worm gears."

Image
User avatar
Bruce Everiss
 
Posts: 1371
Joined: Fri 2 May 2008 7:54 am

Re: Chesterton Windmill

Postby Bruce Everiss » Mon 16 Jun 2008 7:59 am

Restoration of Chesterton Windmill: http://www.warwickshire.gov.uk/Web/corp ... 030035CFD3

The mill was derelict in 1965 when Warwickshire County Council, who have since been made custodians of the mill, were asked to undertake restoration by the ministry of works.
The Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings undertook with Warwickshire county council to restore the machinery. Work was finally completed in the spring of 1975.
The first public open day was held on 30th October 1971 and open days have followed annually in the autumn.

Image
User avatar
Bruce Everiss
 
Posts: 1371
Joined: Fri 2 May 2008 7:54 am

Re: Chesterton Windmill

Postby Bruce Everiss » Mon 16 Jun 2008 8:02 am

Interesting blog article. English Buildings, full article: http://englishbuildings.blogspot.com/20 ... shire.html

"..........the man who probably commissioned it, local grandee Sir Edward Peyto, was an astrologer and astronomer, and there’s a tradition that the building was originally an observatory that he used to look at the stars – presumably the rotating top, turned by means of a hand winch, housed Peyto’s telescope. If so, it was probably converted to milling quite early in its history......................."
User avatar
Bruce Everiss
 
Posts: 1371
Joined: Fri 2 May 2008 7:54 am


Return to Useful links and information

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests

online poker
SuperSignupBonus

cron